Using artificial intelligence to analyze medical literature:
Every day, thousands of scientific articles are published—far too many for a person to read and analyze them all. Computers can be used to index and search these articles, but when it comes to reading, understanding and synthesizing the knowledge contained within, only humans are up to the task. The requirement for every scientist to do so much reading is a major bottleneck in scientific research. Developing an artificial intelligence program to do the work of reading and analyzing the literature would greatly accelerate the pace of scientific progress, but so far AI is not advanced enough to truly comprehend texts written in natural language. Dr. David Eagleman is working on studying how the human brain works, in order to grow an AI to the equivalent of a human adult, and to use that AI to analyze the entirety of the medical literature and develop novel hypotheses.
Working on this project would require a team of three postdoctoral researchers, as well as the use of functional MRI to study the brain.
Costs: $250,000 per year
Developing an artificial general intelligence:
Computers and robots do many tasks that previously required time-consuming or dangerous laboring by humans. Despite changing almost every area of life, they are still confined to narrow tasks within each field. The development of an artificial general intelligence, a truly human-level artificial intelligence, would greatly increase the number of tasks that computer and robots could do. Dr. Itamer Arel is working on developing just such an AI. If successful, this could lead to the transformation of medical research and the creation of breakthrough cures.
Costs: $700,000 per year
Computational aging research:
Using artificial Intelligence to analyze scientific data Aging is one of the most complex biological processes. It affects every tissue and organ of the body, yet its cause remains unknown. Due to advances in scientific techniques it is now possible to collect a large amount of data, but the real challenge is in the analysis. Ben Goertzel is developing an artificial intelligence system capable of analyzing databases of information and developing new therapies more quickly and effectively than any human. To develop the AI, a team of two dozen AI and bioinformatics experts would be required.